Today agriculture and other land-use changes account for about a third of global greenhouse gas emissions. The event left the country rich with the soil that has nurtured Ireland's flora and fauna for centuries, and which offered a hospitable environment for migrating people to settle and plant seeds."- First Nations people / Canada - "Archaeologists have found evidence that proves First Nations people were in New Brunswick more than 10,000 years ago.[....]" [Based on: Discover Magazine article (Could Dirt help Heal the Climate? [NP] For years archaeologists suspected the First Nations history might go way back because there had been small, individual finds, but Hurricane Earl helped reveal even more.According to one scientist, the land on which this structure was built last stood above water more than 11,000 years ago.In January , Indian marine scientists discovered what may be the more extensive remains of two ancient cities in the Gulf of Cambay.From around 550 BCE, many independent kingdoms and republics known as the Mahajanapadas were established across the country. [....]" [Based on: - [T. - 12/15/08]*Trivia: "[....] At the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka humans lived throughout the Upper Paleolithic (10th to 8th millennia BC), revealing cave paintings dating to ca. The ensuing increase in food resources made possible a spectacular growth of human population between 80 B. It also required cooperative effort, particularly after the introduction of irrigation led to the establishment of settled organized societies, at first in villages and later in towns and cities, and the development of new technologies, social systems and ideologies." [Based on: Compact History Of The World, edited by Geoffrey Parker, copyright 2003, pp.7000 BC; the Sivaliks and the Potwar (Pakistan) region also exhibit many vertebrate fossil remains and paleolithic tools. 16-17] - [First published by Times Books (as The Times Compact Atlas of World History) 1995 - updated and reprinted 2002] *Trivia: "If Ohio State University soil scientist Rattan Lal is right, one of the simplest solutions to climate change may be right under our feet.
There were indications of settlement after 9,000 B. For a decade, researchers from the Florida Museum of Natural History have been excavating the Page-Ladson site, and this past fall  they uncovered the ground surface of a Paleoindian habitation at a depth of 15 feet.[NP] The invention of agriculture some 10,000 years ago disrupted these ancient soil-building processes.When humans started draining and plowing up the natural topsoil for planting, they exposed the buried carbon to oxygen, creating carbon dioxide and releasing it into the air.The site spans an area of about 25 square kilometres, 35 metres deep, which, until as late as 6,900 years ago, was entirely above water.About 2,000 possibly man-made artifacts have been dredged and carbon-dated from 8,500 to 9,500 years old."*Trivia: "Stone Age rock shelters with paintings at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh are the earliest known traces of human life in India.In this 7,000 year span, we see the first colonization of the altiplano, the settling of permanent villages, and the rise of chiefly societies that formed the basis of Tiwanaku, one of the high civilizations of the New World.